Michael and the students of the Reading West Africa program are also off tomorrow for the students' last trip to village, so I'll be holding down the fort here in Ouaga until Elisee gets back from his trip to visit libraries in Ghana.
Amharic books were very available in stores in Addis Ababa, on the street, and even in smaller markets outside the city. In the last few years, the demand for English language programs and higher education has risen dramatically, so an interesting market has emerged to meet these education based needs. Unfortunately, most of these programs are considered fraudulent. The many international organizations in Addis are by far the most generous employers in the country and they all demand English fluency and education in their employees, no doubt fueling the demand for these programs.
Oxfam Report: West Africa's Literacy Challenge "From Closed Books to Open Doors: West Africa's Literacy Challenge" calculates the scale of the literacy crisis in West Africa, and explores what should be done about it. West Africa has the lowest literacy rates in the world. The report is launched in the context of the 2009 Global Week of Action on education, which focuses on literacy and lifelong learning, and the UN international conference on adult education, taking place in 2009 for the first time in 12 years. In West Africa, there are 65 million young people and adults who cannot read and write - more than 40% of the population - and 14 million children aged 7 to 12 who are not in primary school. Illiteracy is shutting these people off from the jobs, economic opportunities, good health and engagement in democracy. The consequences for them, their communities and their countries, is devastating. But the literacy crisis can be dealt with, and the doors to these rights opened. In the formal education system, there must be an effort to fill the gap in trained teachers, calculated at over three quarters of a million trained teachers. At the same time, governments need to put much greater priority on providing real opportunities to learn to read and write outside school, such as in adult literacy classes and youth training centres.It is a good report, but honestly, how can you write thirty single-spaced pages about literacy and never mention libraries?????
Read the recommendations and download the report here: http://www.oxfam.org.uk/resources/policy/education/closed-books-open-doors-west-africa.html
Poor reading culture is one of the major problems in Nigeria today. To what extent have you used your co-operation with the government to solve the problem?
First, let me point out that the problem of reading is no longer peculiar to us. The developed countries too are already having problems because of the computer and the modern audio-visual media such as the television. People can hardly spell anymore, because they don’t have to write. But our own case is more serious because we hadn’t attained any degree of literacy at all when we just jumped on the audio-visual media. I’m worried because what we gain in literature, the deep sense of contemplation, of reflection, etc., is absent from the audio-visual media. The television does not give you the time to reflect. It is a global problem and the developed countries are already carrying out programmes to see how they can encourage reading. Here we could also solve the problem through a conscious government policy. And I have been trying my best to see that the government does something. I have proposed a number of things to the government, as I had always done even before my appointment. I have proposed a national book list whereby the federal government would make provision in the budget to automatically buy specific number of books every year, and then make sure they are distributed to at least ten schools in each state. That is talking about thousands of books. If one publisher can sell that much, that publisher is in business, then the author is empowered and the books are in the libraries for reading. The cost of doing this will not be more than 10 million Naira. And when the federal government starts, the state governments can then go ahead. If this is done, we will surely revolutionalise reading in this country. But making proposal is one thing while accepting to implement it is another. It is a pity that government does not take such things as a priority. They think that physical infrastructures such as road construction are the only important aspect of development. But I think the mental development of the citizens should also go hand in hand with the physical development. Because, if you build the road and the person who is using it doesn’t even know how to use it, doesn’t have the mental capacity to use it properly, it will not last. Reading is really important and we will continue to advise the government on what to do to promote it, hoping that they would eventually heed to the advice.
via Official Google Africa Blog by farzanak on 2/10/09
Google, the ANLCI, UNESCO’s Institute for Lifelong Learning, LitCam together with Tostan - a Senegal based non-governmental organisation dedicated to educating and empowering Africans - are pleased to partner with several French-speaking literacy organizations to announce the launch of the French version of the Literacy site.
“The Literacy Project” is an online resource for teachers, literacy organisations and anyone interested in reading promotion and education. In addition to the existing English, German and Spanish versions, the Literacy site is now available in four languages . And two years down the line, we are happy to see that hundreds of organizations have signed up to our Literacy Map, created Literacy related blogs, search literacy related Books and Journals, and contributed to the recently created Literacy forum.
Any organisation can sign up to join the literacy site, and plot it's location in our Literacy Map.
Why the Literacy Project?
Illiteracy is a problem that touches all countries and populations, so we believe there’s a pressing need to share ideas, successful projects, information, and statistics about literacy—as well as find new ways to collaborate. Users can find and share ideas about literacy and reading promotion, from e-learning tools and book clubs, to classic children’s books and scholarly articles.Take a look at what you can do - and now in French too!
L’Initiative contre l’illettrisme parle aussi français!
- Books: find and search within books about literacy, reading promotion, and education, as well as classic children’s and adult literature.
- Academic Texts: search for literacy-related content in peer-reviewed papers, theses, books, abstracts and articles.
- Literacy Videos: See what literacy organisations, schools, and educators around the world are doing to promote literacy—or share your own project with the world.
- Book Blogs: Share your knowledge and ideas about literacy and reading with the world by creating a "blog" - short articles and stories that you write for others to read.
- Books Clubs and Groups: Discover forums on literacy projects and ideas, start your own debate, or join in The Literacy Project forum.
- Literacy Map: From Kenya to Bangladesh, Canada to Mexico. Find literacy organisations around the world, and search project and contact information.
- Custom Literacy Search: Do targeted searches within literacy and education organisations’ websites.
Il y a près de deux ans, à la Foire du Livre de Francfort, Google, l'ANLCI, l’Institut pour l'apprentissage tout au long de la vie de l'UNESCO, LitCam et Tostan - une NGO basée au Sénégal et dedidee a l'éducation en Afrique - ont le plaisir de lancer l’Initiative contre l’illettrisme Google.
L'Initiative contre l'Illetrisme Google est une ressource pour les professeurs, les organismes d’alphabétisation, de lutte contre l’illettrisme et tous ceux qui s’intéressent à la promotion de la lecture et de l’éducation. Nous sommes aujourd’hui heureux d’annoncer le lancement de la version française du site, qui vient compléter les versions anglaise, allemande et espagnole existantes. Deux ans plus tard, nous nous réjouissons de voir que des centaines d’organismes se sont enregistrés sur notre carte de l’alphabétisation, ont créé des blogs, des recherches de livres et des journaux sur le sujet, et ont contribué au forum sur l’alphabétisation récemment lancé.
Tout organisme peut s’enregistrer pour rejoindre le site Initiative contre l’illettrisme, et se situer sur la carte de l’alphabétisation.
Pourquoi cette Initiative contre l’illettrisme ?
L’illettrisme est un problème qui touche tous les pays et toutes les populations, aussi estimons-nous qu’il est urgent de s’échanger idées, projets réussis, informations et statistiques sur l’alphabétisation – et de trouver de nouvelles façons de collaborer. Le site permet à ses utilisateurs de trouver et de partager leurs idées sur l’alphabétisation et la promotion de la lecture - outils d’apprentissage en ligne, clubs de lecture, livres classiques pour enfants, articles savants. Voici ce que vous y trouverez – et maintenant en français aussi!
- Livres: trouvez et compulsez des livres sur l’alphabétisation, la promotion de la lecture et l’éducation, ainsi que des ouvrages classiques pour enfants et adulte.
- Textes universitaires: recherchez des passages sur l’alphabétisation dans des articles évalués par des pairs, des thèses, des ouvrages, des exposés et des articles.
- Vidéos d’alphabétisation: Renseignez-vous sur ce que font les organismes d’alphabétisation, les écoles et les éducateurs à travers le monde pour promouvoir l’alphabétisation – ou faites connaître votre vos projets aux autres.
- Blogs de lecture: Echangez vos connaissances et vos idées sur l’alphabétisation et la lecture avec des internautes à travers le monde en créant un « blog » - de courts articles et chroniques que vous avez écrits pour que d’autres puissent les lire.
- Clubs et groupes de lecture: Découvrez des forums sur des projets et idées d’alphabétisation, ouvrez votre propre débat, ou rejoignez le forum de l’Initiative contre l’illettrisme.
- Carte de l’alphabétisation: De la France à la Belgique, au Maroc ou au Sénégal, découvrez des organismes d’alphabétisation du monde entier, trouvez des informations sur les projets et les contacts.
- Recherches personnalisées sur l’alphabétisation: Effectuez des recherches ciblées sur les sites web d’organismes d’alphabétisation et d’éducation.
The summary of the brief report is available here.
The first study, conducted by Isaac Adetunji Olaofe, examined public schools and illiteracy in Zaria, northern Nigeria. This action research was undertaken to get first-hand information about literacy teaching in five primary schools. The researchers set out to study teachers and students of English and aimed at better understanding the constraints each group faces.To achieve these goals, inventory schedules were designed to record the materials and equipment in each classroom. In addition, an observation schedule through one school year allowed the research team to code activities during lesson presentations and to record classroom actions. In part, the researchers' findings revealed the following information: (a) All of the primary schools were deficient in the basic infrastructural facilities that make learning conducive, such as access roads, buildings, furniture, and toilets. Many classrooms lacked window covers, doors, ceilings, and basic items such as tables and chairs, and children generally sat on the floor. (b) The schools had very little in common in terms of ideas for teaching literacy. Working more in isolation, teachers did not share teaching experiences with one another. (c) Literacy materials were almost nonexistent. Copies of the sole text that was used were in short supply, and children were not allowed to take them home. (d) The schools lacked libraries and other teaching materials. (e) Lead teachers, inspectors, and supervisors saw themselves as administrative heads of a top-down administration and were less concerned about literacy development than with handing down directives. (f) Parental or home support was found to be extremely limited. (g) High absenteeism rates, especially during the planting and harvesting seasons (when student attendance fell below 50%) were credited to parental dissatisfaction with student progress. (h) Corruption was widespread, and most of the resources allocated for education did not reach the classrooms.
Comment motiver les élèves à la lecture ? La Bataille des livres et un premier prix de lecture à la Foire du livre de Bruxelles.
"Avant, je ne lisais jamais. Depuis la Bataille des livres, j'adore lire. J'ai lu pour le concours ‘La petite poule qui voulait la mer’. À Bruxelles, à la Foire du livre, on vendait la série de ces histoires. J'ai acheté trois livres avec mon argent de poche." Le témoignage de Thomas compte parmi d'autres dans un quotidien. Celui-ci réserve une pleine page à l'aventure vécue par les élèves de 3e et 4e années primaires et à leur consécration le 1er mars, à la Foire du livre dans le cadre d'une rencontre intercontinentale qui a mis en compétition les participants de huit pays via Internet.